Imperial Sugar was the oldest business in Texas before it shut its doors forever in 2003. Sugar cane was being grown in the area that became Sugar Land as early as the 1830s. Stephen F. Austin was the original land grant owner of the property that later became Imperial Sugar. Learn about the beginnings of the company and the men who built it. The company saw many changes over time. It eventually rose up from being known as “The hell Hole on the Brazos” to becoming a family-oriented company town.